A focus in second grade is teaching the students about the Sacraments of First Reconciliation and First Eucharist. A close collaboration between the parish sacramental preparation coordinator, and the second grade teachers will be maintained. Supporting and celebrating the reception of the sacraments are important to the Holy Spirit School Community. Children join the Holy Spirit Parish Sacramental Preparation program to receive instruction in receiving the sacraments. he main themes in the second grade religion curriculum include that we are made in the Image of God, and the important roles of the family and Church in the faith formation of the student. We learn about the lives of the saints, how to treat each other and ourselves with respect and use bible stories’ messages as examples of how to live our lives.
Students use the Step Up to Writing program as their writing process each day in the second grade classroom. An emphasis on paragraph and story writing will be taught throughout the year. Writing will also be integrated with other subjects, such as religion, reading, social studies, and science. Grammar and vocabulary skills are taught daily in the classroom. Second graders will be able to:
• Use all stages of the writing process including brainstorming, creating a draft, editing, peer editing, revising and publishing their work
• Creating a story which can be published at the end of the year for the Second Grade Author’s Night including story elements such as including a developed setting, character, problem, solution and conclusion
• Understand the grammar elements of nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs and pronouns
• Create a well developed sentence with proper sentence structure and punctuation
Phonics will be one of the tools we use to teach and develop decoding skills for reading. Each day phonics practice will be integrated with our reading instruction. Some areas in phonics the students will be able to identify and use include:
• Initial, medial, and final consonants
• Short and long vowels
• Hard and soft consonants, blends, compounds
• Contractions, prefixes, suffixes
• Vowel pairs, digraphs, diphthongs
• Synonyms, antonyms, homonyms
The goals of reading in second grade are comprehension and fluency. Reading skills will be developed through whole and small group instruction and practiced daily. Students will use the reading anthology, novels and leveled readers to enhance reading instruction. A reading resource teacher is employed to aid those students who are struggling with reading concepts. The goals for reading include the second graders will be able to:
• Utilize phonetic skills and context clues to decode words
• Expand comprehension of stories by drawing conclusions, predicting outcomes, and sequencing story events
• Employ prior knowledge to gain understanding of reading passages
• Enhance reading vocabulary
The spelling curriculum directly correlated to the reading and vocabulary program. Each day there will be opportunities for word study and spelling strategies will be regularly reviewed. Spelling homework is assigned nightly to aid in reinforcing the weekly spelling words.
For the first trimester, students will learn and practice the Zaner-Bloser manuscript letters. The students will be encouraged to master this manuscript alphabet. Starting in the second trimester, the students will be introduced to lowercase and uppercase cursive letters. The students will practice cursive writing for the remainder of the year.
Math skills will be taught through the blended learning approach. Students will have the opportunity to use ipads and computers as well as small group instruction to enhance learning. The data provided from the technology will help with intentional grouping of students to specifically identify their needs and provide individualized instruction. Additionally, each week the students will complete math homework, which relates to the lesson learned in class. By the end of second grade, students will be able to:
• Utilize basic addition and subtraction strategies
• Regroup two-digit numbers
• Add and subtract three-digit numbers
• Understand basic concepts of time and money
• Identify place value to the hundreds, compare and order numbers to 1,000
• Apply concepts of basic measurement
• Classify two and three-dimensional shapes
• Perform basic multiplication and division
The social studies curriculum is taught in a project based format where students use technology to enhance the curriculum. Concepts taught include learning about ordinary and extraordinary individuals who have made a difference in history, comparing life now from life in the past, researching and making connections about their heritage, developing map skills, and understanding basic concepts of government.
The students will be asked to observe, compare, classify, gather and record data, measure, predict, infer, and draw conclusions. The second grade science content curriculum includes the study of how living things grow and change, exploring the Earth’s surface, and matter and motion.